Global Poverty Info Bank

Sanitation

Sanitation is about where people go to the bathroom and what happens to their waste. Sanitation facilities include toilets, sewers and wastewater treatment plants as well as more simple technologies such as latrines and septic tanks. Sanitation continues to remain one of the key health issues in the developing world: 2.5 billion people, over a third of the world's population, lack access to adequate sanitation facilities, perpetuating disease and high rates of child mortality. In order to address extreme poverty and global diseases, we most focus on achieving universal access to sanitation. (Read More)

Infrastructure

Infrastructure - physical resources like roads, telecommunication networks, schools and drains - is necessary for a society to function: people can't access healthcare if there are no hospitals; trade can't take place if there are no roads on which to transport goods to markets. Infrastructure facilitates the basic functions of a society that are necessary to transport resources and people, produce and trade goods, provide essential services and ultimately reduce poverty. (Read More)

Violent Conflict

Violent conflict is development in reverse. It destroys societies and is a shortcut to extreme poverty. The destruction and chaos that violent conflict brings leads to lawlessness and human rights atrocities and the erosion, diversion or destruction of resources – natural, human, financial or infrastructure – limits people's access to basic needs, such as health, education and food. (Read More)

Child Mortality

The world is home to 2.2 billion children. Children in developing countries face often deadly complications in their early years as a result of poor healthcare. Child Mortality is the number of children who die by the age of five out of every thousand live births. Malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and pneumonia are some of the major causes of death and everyday struggles children face in the developing world. The UN stated in 2007 that children in developing countries are thirteen times more likely to die in the first five years of life than those in developed countries. About 25,000 young children die every day, mainly from preventable causes. (Read More)